Marabu Tours Contact

Tel: +256-772-551501

Entebbe Uganda:
4 Penguins Hotel
15 km from Int. airport, is a right start to explore whole Uganda
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+256 703224440




Wildlife of Uganda

We’d just love to sit and write all about Uganda’s mammals, birds and reptiles but we could be here for months and years… And we want to get you out into our parks and should of course, leave an element of surprise! So we have produced an overview instead…


The official number of mammals found in Uganda’s parks and reserves is 342 species. Of these 132 of these are classed as ‘large mammals’. Uganda has recorded 38 carnivores, these are five canidae species, seven felines, three hyaenas, ten mongooses, six mustelids, and seven viverrids. Uganda is also a paradise for primate with thirteen diurnal and six nocturnal species. All of the monkeys found in Uganda are members of the same family known as ‘Old World Monkeys’. There are also four great ape species in the world and Uganda is home to two of them, the rare mountain gorilla and the common chimpanzee (Marabu Tours is specialized on Gorillas and Chimpanzee tracking). Uganda is also home to ‘The Big Five’ (with the southern white rhino in a protected conservation ranch). In addition to a wide range of antelope species, Uganda is home to African elephant, hippopotamus, buffalo, giraffe and zebra. Game watching with Marabu Tours »


Uganda, is home to Nile crocodiles, snakes, lizards, tortoises and terrapins. The Nile crocodile has been here for a while, around 150 million years! They are commonly found in (and are confined to!) four of Uganda’s national parks: Murchison Falls, Lake Mburo, Queen Elizabeth and Semuliki.
 The snake that you’re most likely to see in Uganda is the non-venomous rock python, which has gold-on-black mottled skin. Of the venomous snakes, the most commonly encountered is the puff adder. You might see one through the window of your vehicle but they’re all shy so it’s rare! Uganda is also home to tortoises and terrapins. The most common is the leopard tortoise, which like the rock python has a gold-on-black mottled shell. That’s really the only similarity though! The largest of Uganda’s 4 species of terrapin is the Nile soft-shelled terrapin, which in rare instances, can reach a length of about 90cm. Giant monitor lizards inhabit both savannah and riparian areas and can grow up to 2.2 metres long. They feed on anything from birds’ eggs to smaller reptiles and mammals. Agama lizards, slightly larger than the common house gecko are coloured with a combination of blue, purple, orange of red scales. The most fascinating reptile is the chameleon. Famed for their capacity to change colour to either suit their mood or to blend into their environment. The most common species here in Uganda is the flap-necked chameleon. In the savannah and woodland you can find the graceful chameleon, generally yellow-green in colour. Found mostly in the foothills of mountainous regions is the triple horn chameleon (though only the male is distinguished by the horns).


Uganda is famed for its large number of bird species, with 1061 species having been recorded in Uganda to date, which is almost half of Africa’s avifauna! The key to Uganda’s diversity of birds is its variety of habitats, which include arid, semi-dessert, savannahs, lowland and montane rainforests, wetlands, volcanoes and an Afro-alpine zone. The country is also positioned at a transitional point between the semi-desert of the north, the east African savannah, and the west African rainforests. Uganda arguably has more bird species per square kilometre than any other country in Africa. Whilst 1061 species have been recorded, the startling number of species endemic to the country is: one! This is the Fox’s weaver – a very ‘ordinary’ bird! Uganda does however have more than 10% of the east African regional checklist. Read more about birding in Uganda »